Inter community conflict among the pastoral societies in Northern Kenya is still depicted mainly by way of livestock rustling and subsequent killing of the herders and warriors. However, in recent year’s highway banditry and arbitrary killing of unsuspecting women, men and even children of particular group is increasingly experienced in town centre’s where two warring communities reside.
Today, cattle rustling is not only used for restocking after severe drought but to settle political scores. It isnot only used for fame but to express tribal animosity. It is not only used to fight over scarce water and pasture but for protecting internal administrative and political boundaries. It is evident from this analysis that the motive of cattle rustling has changed.
Indeed cattle rustling still remains the same age old practice by which the pastoralist communities express dissent. The perpetrators and the victims of cattle rustling are the herders and the Moran/warriors. Cattle rustling occur at the grazing rangelands where the territories of two warring groups converge.
Numbers of peace building initiatives have been have carried out by the Government, Churches and Civil Society Organizations to curb the violent inter ethnic conflict among the pastoral communities in Northern Kenya over the years. However, most of the peace interventions are held at the market centre and the participants are mainly local leaders and opinion leaders and other town folks that reside in these centre. Peace interventions that directly target the Herders, Warriors and Kenya Police Reservists are limited in number and frequency. The mobility of the herders and poor infrastructure in terms of roads and communication make the access to the herders and the warriors a major challenge.
Through this program CPI Kenya works with herders, warriors and Kenya Police Reservists to prevent conflict and buid sustainable peace between pasrolist communities affected by inter ethnic animosity and violence.